My understanding is that the Qur’an incorporates in
its text a style that is similar to poetry, but unlike poetry, it is not based
on exaggerated statements that have to do with imaginations of the poet. A poet
is tempted to go for untrue and exaggerated claims because he has to bring
rhyming words in his verses and also to stir emotions of the readers. Qur’anic
verses rhyme as well, but they are free of the limitation of poetry, because God
has no limitation for expressing ideas; and He is in no need to unnecessarily
stir emotions of people. It is because of the rhyming nature of the Qur’anic
text that it is amenable to memorizing much more easily than prose.
It is, therefore, not correct to call the Qur’an a
masterpiece of poetry. It is God’s word, which has adopted a style that is close
to poetry in appearance, although it doesn’t have the weaknesses of poetry.
According to some experts, the Qur’anic text is closer to the style of orators
who address a large audience, and in the process, they address different
segments of it, interchanging the focus of address very now and then.