I will try to explain our
understanding of the question of qasr prayer ass a whole and will not treat the
specific questions you have raised. I hope you will be able to form a view on
all these issues if I have communicated to you a principle stance in this
regard. Please note that all these issues are left to the believer to decide.
That is another reason why I would not pronounce a judgement on them.
First of all, please consider the verse
of the Holy Qur’ān that deals with the issue. A simple translation of the verse
is produced below:
When you set out in the land there
is no blame on you if you shorten your prayers, if you fear that the
disbelievers may attack you. Indeed these disbelievers are your open enemies.
This verse clearly guides us that one
can cut his Prayer short when he is travelling and is in fear. The basic reason
of the allowance is the presence of fear (or anxiety to be more accurate). This
fear was felt from the attacks of the enemy during that period which led to the
issuance of this directive. Obviously, it is the fear that is the cause for the
allowance. A fear of attack from the enemy entails anxiety. It can significantly
hinder our concentration and mental involvement in the prayers. Nevertheless,
this state of mind can be caused by any other factor, for example, if one thinks
that one may miss a bus from the next station or may miss a plane for one’s
destination and because of that will be stranded for days. There can be numerous
examples of mental anxieties, while one is in a state of travelling. Such
circumstances, obviously, cause a comparable unrest and mental disturbance and
make one anxious.
The Prophet (sws) applied the directive
of the Holy Qur’ān, regarding the allowance of shortening of prayers in a state
of fear and war, to other situations which could cause a similar mental and
psychological state for a traveller. Such extensions of directives can only be
made in situations entailing similar causes.
In the light of the foregoing discussion
you can decide where you find it necessary to take this allowance and where you
should offer the complete prayer.