Answer: We believe that three conditions are to be
fulfilled before we can eat flesh of an animal. First, it should be an allowable
animal. Second, it should be slaughtered properly. Third, it should be
slaughtered by invoking Allāh’s name. All these conditions cannot be abandoned
in any circumstances. This entails that we should not eat the flesh of ḥarām
animals or animals slaughtered by those of the people who do not believe in
Allah and, therefore, do not invoke Allah’s name while slaughtering the animal.
Animals slaughtered by the People of the Book who do not respect their
Scriptural teachings in this regard too are not allowable to eat.
The Qur’ān says:
وَلَا تَأْكُلُوا مِمَّا لَمْ يُذْكَرْ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ
وَإِنَّهُ لَفِسْقٌ وَإِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ لَيُوحُونَ إِلَى أَوْلِيَائِهِمْ
لِيُجَادِلُوكُمْ وَإِنْ أَطَعْتُمُوهُمْ إِنَّكُمْ لَمُشْرِكُونَ (١٢١:٦)
And eat not [O believers] that animal on which Allah’s
name has not been pronounced [at the time of the slaughtering of the animal],
for this is a fisq. And certainly, the devils do inspire their friends to
dispute with you, and if you obey them, then you would indeed be polytheists.
It is also necessary to slaughter animals in a
way that guarantees that blood is poured out completely. To ensure this the
Islamic sharī‘ah has prescribed a way. Since this has been prescribed by the
Almighty, we have to follow it and we are not allowed to eat the flesh of
animals slaughtered by any other way. It is a positive directive which commands
adherence. Now we know that the non-dhabīḥah flesh is not allowable. The only
condition when we are allowed to take such meat is in utter necessity (idtirār).
However, it is upon you to decide when there is no other way left for you. We
must also remain clear that we will have to explain such an act before God on
the Last Day.
Are we really convinced that there is no other way left and
we must eat non-dhabīhah meat or should we die or endanger our existence? Will
we be able to convince God that we were in really such a situation or were we
eager to eat harām food and were trying to find ways to render it allowable for
us? These questions we must ask ourselves before using any allowances in this