There are a number of Ahadīth in which directives have been given by the
Prophet (sws) for the well-being (maslihah) of the Muslims. However, if the
circumstances in which such directives have been given change, then, as is the
case with all conditional directives, such directives may no longer apply in
the changed circumstances.
directives given to Muslim women about travelling belong to the above
mentioned category. To ensure a safe journey for a women and to protect her
moral character from any scandalous allegation in the strife ridden society of
Arabia, the Prophet (sws) bade them travel with a mahram relation.
opinion, all tours and journeys etc in which the above two bases still exist,
the condition of a woman travelling with a mahram must be followed.
with the changed circumstances of modern times, travelling has become a lot
different from what it used to be in previous days. There are some travels in
which safety both physical as well as moral is ensured. So, in such travels
the mahram condition no longer applies. As far as the decision as to which
journeys have become so safe is concerned, the traveller must decide for
travel needs no definition since it is not a religious term. Everything which
in the English language can be termed as `travel' is travel.
mahram is used for those relatives with whom a marital relationship is
eternally prohibited by the Shari`ah. It has been specifically stated by the
Prophet (sws) in the Ahadīth pertaining to this subject.
directives have got nothing to do with male Muslims.