I think if the Qur’ānic view on
creation is understood, your question will be answered. Following are the three
fundamental verses which discuss this view:
The similitude of Jesus before Allah
is that of Adam. He created him from clay. (3:59)
O mankind fear your Lord who created
you from one person and created his mate from his kind and from these two
scattered countless men and women. (4:1)
He began the creation of man with
clay; then made his progeny from the essence of an ordinary fluid; then he
perfected him and breathed into him something of his spirit and gave you the
faculties of hearing and sight and the heart. (32:7-8)
A reflection on the first two verses
reveals that Adam (sws) and Eve were directly created by the Almighty from clay.
They did not descend from any other species as proposed by Darwin. The rest of
mankind is the seed of Adam and Eve.
A deliberation on the third verse shows
that it can imply either of the following two:
a. The three stages of creation
mentioned in the verse all pertain to Adam and Eve, the progenitors of mankind.
In other words, after being created from clay (the 1st phase),
they subsequently developed the ability to reproduce at a later age (the 2nd
phase). Finally, after some more
time elapsed, they entered the third phase
whence they were perfected both physically and spiritually and received the
divine spirit from the Almighty. At this stage, they were also blessed with
certain faculties which elevated them from other life forms on earth.
b. It would also not be wrong to
conclude from the verse that all these three phases did not pass on the first
humans created; rather each of the phases lasted for many years during which
many life forms were created having the characteristic of their respective
periods together with that of the previous one(s).
In other words, this would imply that human forms were initially directly
created from clay because they did
not have the ability to reproduce. In this phase, which may have lasted for
millions of years their physical form after passing through various stages
culminated in the homo sapiens of today. Millions of species may have been
created like this. Among them, many went extinct and the others lived to enter
the second phase. In the second phase, the human forms now had the ability to
reproduce and direct creation was no
longer required. Adam and Eve were the first directly created pair from clay
which had this ability to reproduce. It was this very pair which entered the
third phase and was perfected physically so that it could receive the divine
spirit from the Almighty and be blessed with the faculties of sense and reason
as is specified by the last part of the verse
. In the second phase, except Adam (sws) and Eve all other pairs who had the
ability to reproduce pairs were not perfected and later died away.
Consequently, if this explanation of the
verse is accepted, it would mean that in the first phase several human forms
were directly created from clay but did not have the ability to reproduce and
were not perfected to become human beings and later died. Similarly, as
mentioned before, in the second phase, except Adam (sws) and Eve all other pairs
who had the ability to reproduce pairs were not perfected and later died away.
The fossils we find today are those of
these forms of the first and second phases.