Hindu friend of mine has pointed out the following ambiguity in the Qur’ānic
verses which mention the law of inheritance. Please help me in removing his
misconception. While alluding to these verses, he writes:
Let us suppose
that a man dies and leaves behind three daughters, both parents and his wife.
According to the verses stated below, the three daughters together will receive
2/3 of the share, both the parents will receive 1/3 of the share and the wife
will receive 1/8 of the share. Let us add these:
2/3 + 1/3 + 1/8
= 9/8 = 1.125.
distribution of the property adds up to more than the available property! How
can this distribution be possible? Obviously, this is a great error.
I now quote the
directs you as regards your children’s [inheritance]: to the male a portion
equal to that of two females: if only daughters, two or more, their share is
two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her, share is a half. For parents, a
sixth share of the inheritance to each, if the deceased left children; if no
children, and the parents are the heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased
left brothers the mother has a sixth... (4:11)
In what your
wives leave, your share is a half, if they leave no child; but if they leave a
child, you get a fourth; after payment of legacies and debts. In what you leave,
their share is a fourth, if you leave no child; but if you leave a child, they
get an eighth… (4:12)