My understanding is that the
Qur’an incorporates in its text a style that is similar to poetry, but unlike
poetry, it is not based on exaggerated statements that have to do with
imaginations of the poet. A poet is tempted to go for untrue and exaggerated
claims because he has to bring rhyming words in his verses and also to stir
emotions of the readers. Qur’anic verses rhyme as well, but they are free of the
limitation of poetry, because the Lord has no limitation for expressing ideas,
and He is in no need to unnecessarily stir emotions of people. It is because of
the rhyming nature of Qur’anic text that it is amenable to memorizing much more
easily than prose.
It is therefore not correct to call the
Qur’an a masterpiece of poetry. It is God’s word, which has adopted a style that
is close to poetry in appearance, although it doesn’t have the weaknesses of
poetry. According to some experts, the Qur’anic text is closer to the style of
orators who address a large audience, and in the process they address different
segments of it, interchanging the focus of address very now and then.
Perhaps a more accurate statement would
be to call the Qur’an a literary masterpiece.