You see we must turn to the
Qur’ān for the definition of the word success. One’s own conception of success
is of course no yardstick in religion.
The Qur’ān is firm that real success is
the success in the Hereafter:
He who is saved from Hell and
admitted into Heaven indeed attained success. (3:185)
This world is just a transient prelude
to the real life to come. The Qur’ān says that this world in reality has not
been made for rewarding a person for every good deed or punishing him in this
world for a bad deed in his span of life. It is only in the Hereafter that
results will truly be in conformity with the deeds done. A person who is a
sincere seeker of the truth, whether he is a Muslim or a non-Muslim, will attain
success in the world to come.
The other thing that needs to be
understood is that Islam wants its adherents to live a profound life in this
world by doing whatever they can for its betterment. However, they must always
give priority to the requisites of the Hereafter. If they have to choose between
good and evil, they must always strive to choose good. Other than this, they
must strive to contribute to make this world a better place by producing good
scientists, engineers, doctors, lawyers and the like to become leaders of the
world in technology. All this is inherent in the urge found in human nature.
Islam does not curtail it; it only directs man to live with the priority of the
Hereafter while contributing to this world through his skills and abilities. In
short, one must strike a balance between one’s struggles and efforts to achieve
material success, which must not override the requisites of the life to come.