There are different sayings ascribed to the Prophet (sws)
in this regard. According to some, children would be called by the names of
their fathers and while others say that they will be called by the names of
their mothers. Bukhārī and other compilers of the sayings of the Holy Prophet (sws)
have quoted narratives part of which clearly say that on the Day of Judgment
people will be called ‘such person son of such person’.
This clearly shows that people will be called by the names of their fathers. The
narrative, which, says that people will be called by the names of their mothers
is not that authentic and is not mentioned by the famous scholars of Hadīth. The
Ishāq Ibn Ibrāhīm reported on the authority of Marwān Ibn
Mu‘āwiyyah who reported from Hamīd who reported from Anas that the Prophet said:
‘People will be called by the names of their mothers’.
Before stating the narrative, the compiler has made it clear
that the Ishāq Ibn Ibrāhīm is not a reliable narrator. He writes:
Ishāq Ibn Ibrāhīm, lived in Sanā. Ibni ‘Adī said: ‘He is
Munkiru’l-Hadīth’ (one whose report is not accepted because of his faltering
memory and bad character).
As is obvious from the above information, the report carries
many flaws and is considered to be a concocted one. Therefore, it would be
inappropriate to ascribe it to the Holy Prophet (sws). The narrative is only
mentioned in some books, which deal with the lives of those who reported
something from the Prophet (sws) as the authors of books referred to above.
As regards the matter of people being called in the names of
their Lord (or leader or Prophet or others which one follows in religious
matters), I think you are referring to the following Qur’ānic verse:
Keep in mind the day
when we will call every group with their respective imams. (17:71)
The verse has
nothing to do with the calling people by the names of somebody on the Day of
Judgment. It states that people will be called to account along with their
leaders in religious matters for example Prophets and Messengers or other