As a principle, a
person in his own lifetime has the right to give or gift his wealth in any
proportion to any or all of his children. In this regard, the Sharī‘ah
imposes no obligation on him except that he should be fair and just with all
his children in this regard.
As far as his inheritance is
concerned, it solely relates to the wealth and property which he leaves
behind after his death. In this case, the Sharī‘ah has fixed the shares of
his heirs. They must be given their share in the prescribed proportion. All
his heirs must sit together and distribute his wealth among themselves
according to this proportion. If any one of them does any injustice in this
distribution, he must know that according to the Qur’ān (4:13-14) he is
doing a grave sin. The other heirs have the right to take this case to the
court if they think that they are being deprived of their right by someone.
Consequently, whatever you
received from your father in his life was a gift from him. It cannot be
regarded as your share of inheritance. You still have a share in his wealth
as his legal heirs, which of course you have the right to demand.