Your question is based on the assumption that the
practice of some of the Muslims, especially those belonging to the Indo-Pak
subcontinent wherein they recite Surah Fatihah followed by Surah Ikhlas three
times is correct, when indeed, this has no basis whatsoever in the tradition of
Prophet Muhammad (sws). People died during his times, he arranged for their
funeral prayer, he recited a prayer after the burial, and that’s about it! There
weren’t any other practices that were conducted by the Prophet (sws), and so was
true for his companions. Whatever that is suggested to the Muslims in religious
matters, which has no basis in the practice of the Prophet (sws), is an
innovation (bid‘ah), and if anything, it needs to be condemned.
By its very content, Surah Fatihah has nothing to do with the
soul of the departed. It is a prayer offered by each individual for his/her own
benefit. No question, thus, about it benefiting anybody else! Any intent and
action diverging from the intent of the surah and the practice of the Prophet (sws),
needs to be curbed and so must we resist from it.