The surah can be divided into the following six sections.
Section I (1-4)
The surah begins with the assertion that this world has
not been created without a purpose. The effort undertaken by the Almighty in the
creation of man to sustain and nourish him bears witness to the fact that the
Day of Reckoning is certain to come. Allah, the Lord and Creator of this world
is well aware of every person's deeds. He shall treat each person accordingly.
Section II (5-7)
By citing historical evidence, it is shown that nations,
who denied their Prophets and vainly rejected their sound arguments on the
pretext that accepting a human being as a Prophet (sws) is an insult to them,
were all destroyed by Allah. They met a dreadful fate in this world and in the
Hereafter they shall encounter a grave punishment.
Section III (8-10)
The disbelievers are invited to profess faith in Allah,
His Prophet (sws) and the Quran. They are urged to prepare for the Day which
will decide the victor and the vanquished. On that Day, the righteous shall
receive the eternal reward of paradise, while the disbelievers shall have to
reckon with the eternal torment of Hell.
Section IV (11-13)
It is asserted that troubles and hardships which a person
has to face in his life come from Allah. It is not befitting for the believers
to get apprehensive about them and turn away from the obedience of Allah and His
Prophet (sws). It is the requirement of their faith that they should have trust
in the Almighty: He will certainly help them. If they ignore Allah and the
Prophet (sws) by being overawed by their hardships, they shall bear its dire
consequences. The responsibility of the Prophet (sws) was only to communicate
the truth; it is now their responsibility to abide by it.
Section V (14-15)
Muslims are warned that at times one's family becomes a
great test for his faith. Their love sometimes negatively affects his
determination to fulfil his religious obligations. A person should always remain
careful in this matter. However, he should adopt the attitude of `to forgoe and
forget' in their regard.
Section VI (16-18)
People are invited to obey Allah and His Prophet (sws) as
much as they can and urged to generously spend in the way of Allah. Glad tidings
are given of eternal success to those who protect themselves from the malady of
miserliness. Allah will greatly honour those who will lend Him their wealth. It
shall be returend to them multiplied many times; He would also forgive them. He
has knowledge of both the seen and the unseen: He is fully aware of all virtuous
deeds however secretly they might have been done.
(Translated from Islahi's "Tadabbur-i-Quran") ----Shehzad