The invasion of Kabul by the Taliban
has opened a whole new chapter in the life of the Afghan people.
The modus operandi adopted by them
for the implementation of Islam may be criticised vis-a-vis the
implementation strategy and the true meaning of Islam.
‘Adulterers and addicts to face
stoning’, ‘Grow beards or face punishment’, ‘Women not to report for work’
are the few examples of the headlines of local newspapers that swirled after
a few days of the fall of Kabul to Taliban. An in-depth analysis of these
headlines and the detailed news quickly divert one’s attention towards the
way Taliban are implementing Islam in Afghanistan. The question that rises
in one’s mind at this time is: Are they doing the right thing at the right
time? In our humble opinion the answer to this question is in the negative.
What is the sunnah (custom, way) of
Allah regarding the implementation of religion? The answer lies in the first
and foremost source of Islam -- the Qur’ān. It is stated in the Qur’ān that
God does not hold a person responsible beyond his or her capacity. Moreover,
the period of 23 years in which the Qur’ān was gradually revealed is a
witness to the sunnah of Allah, that is Allah desires a gradual but a deep
rooted change in the minds and souls of human beings, which ultimately
reflects from their actions. The philosophy of this gradual implementation
of religion is the avoidance of imbalance in the life of an individual and
in the society, which can lead to the denunciation of religion by the
A criticism on this argument can be
that the gradual implementation of Islam was restricted only to the time of
its revelation, and now there are no reasons for the delay in the
implementation of Islam. The answer is that all the laws related to moral
values were already present in the previous religions, and Islam did not
introduce those laws for the first time. For example, the punishment of
adultery in Torah is stoning to death. But we know that it was some time
after the establishment of the Islamic government in Madīnah that these laws
were implemented. So it can be safely concluded that Islam only holds an
individual responsible for his or her deeds after it provides the
environment in which the violation of laws can have no justification.
As far as the correct interpretation
of Islam is concerned, only that interpretation is reliable which emanates
from the Qur’ān and the Sunnah or the establishment principles of human
intellect and nature.
Now, if we focus on the current
situation in the above mentioned context, we safely conclude that Taliban
are neither striving to implement Islam in a gradual manner nor are they
trying to evaluate the true Islam and understand the needs and requirements
of the twentieth century. Ultimately, the outcome of the whole situation may
be that after a short while it will become impossible for the people to act
upon various principles of Islam, which may result in either a hatred for
Islam or a strong retaliation against the Taliban government.
If people retaliate against them
then according to the principle of Islam their own government will become
un-Islamic as the Taliban are not in the majority (see the Qur’ān 42:38).
Now let us take a look at some of
the steps taken by the Taliban:
i) No education for women:
Imagine for a few moments what the
fate of a country will be where women have no access to education. The whole
nation will suffer generation after generation. The first school of a child
is its mother. What is the legitimate reason in favour of education being
forbidden for women?
ii) Hanging of Najeeb Ullah and
It seems that Taliban has forgotten
the attitude of the Prophet (sws) on the conquest of Makkah when he even
pardoned the murderer of his own close relative.
The bottom line is:
i) Are Taliban presenting the
true picture of Islam in front of the world? If not, wouldn’t they be held
responsible for distorting the religion of Allah on the day of Judgement and
paving the way for the enemies of Islam in this world?
ii) Are they ready to face the
wrath of Allah on the Day of Judgement as a result of taking out their
swords against Muslims?