The issue of the
relationship of a Muslim country with other countries of the world,
especially non-Muslim ones is indeed a sensitive one. An era in which many
anticipate the famous Huntington hypothesis of ‘Clash of Civilizations’ to
materialize, this question has assumed even more importance. Belligerence
among Muslims minorities in non-Muslim countries needs intellectual
discussion on its roots.
What exactly then are the
directives that Islam gives regarding international relations? Following are
some of the important guidelines Islam gives to the makers of foreign policy
of a Muslim country:
1. No aggression should be
launched against a non-Muslim country to forcibly make it accept Islam or to
2. All contracts with
various countries must be honoured in all circumstances – unless of course
the other country breaks or revises them.
3. War can only be declared
on another country, whether Muslim or non-Muslim, if that country is guilty
of oppression and tyranny and diplomatic talks fail. Here again war does not
become obligatory; it merely becomes permissible.
4. Friendly ties should be
initiated with all countries of the world whatever their religion.
5. The enmity of any country should not stop a Muslim
country from being fair and just towards that country.