روي أن أسماء بنت أبي بكر دخلت على رسول الله صلى الله عليه
وسلم وعليها ثياب رقاق فأعرض عنها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وقال يا أسماء إن
المرأة إذا بلغت المحيض لم تصلح أن يري منها إلا هذا وهذا وأشار إلى وجهه وكفيه
It is narrated that once Asmā’ the daughter of Abū Bakr
entered upon the Prophet (sws) clad in a dress made of a thin cloth. Observing
this, the Prophet (sws) turned away his face from her and said: “Asma’, when a
woman reaches the age of menstruation, it is not appropriate that anything
besides this and this is visible of her.” He said this while pointing towards
his face and his hands.
A similar incident has also been reported in Bayhaqī’s
Nos. 3034, 13274 and 13275, al-Mu‘jam al-awsat, Nos. 8394, Al-Mu’jam
al-kabīr, 24, 142 and Musnad al-Shāmiyyīn, No. 2739.
Comment on the Narrative
Of the seven narratives of this incident, Abū Dā’ūd’s
No. 4104, Bayhaqī’s No. 3034, Bayhaqī’s No. 13274 and the
report of Musnad al-Shāmiyyīn (No. 2739) are reported through Sa‘īd
ibn Bashir, who has been considered a weak narrator.
Besides Sa‘īd ibn Bashir, the chain of these narratives is also broken, as it is
reported through Khālid ibn Durayk, who is reporting on the authority of
‘Ā’ishah (rta). However, scholars of the field agree that Khālid ibn Durayk did
not meet Ayesha (rta), and therefore could not have heard anything from the Umm
al-Mu’minīn. Thus, after noting this narrative in Abū Dā’ūd (No. 3034), the
following words are added:
قال أبو داود
هذا مرسل خالد بن دريك لم يدرك عائشة
Abū Dā’ūd has said: “This is a mursal
narrative of Khālid ibn Durayk, as he did not meet ‘Ā’ishah.”
As for the remaining narratives, all of these are reported on the authority
of ‘Ayād ibn ‘Abdullāh al-Fihrī and ‘Abdullāh ibn Lahī‘ah. Experts on the
information regarding the reliability of narrators have mixed opinions regarding
these two narrators.
And they – especially ‘Abdullāh ibn Lahī‘ah – have generally been considered as
weak and unreliable in reporting narratives of the Prophet (sws).
In view of the fact that from among the various chains of narrators reporting
this incident, not even a single chain can be considered as fully reliable, we
do not consider it prudent to accept the incident as correctly reported.
(This write-up is prepared by the Hadith Cell of Javed Ahmad Ghamidi)